Cole Camp is located along what was once known as The Military Road. Ezekiel Williams had surveyed a segment of this road to include the section that came through what was to become Benton County. Williams settled along what became Williams Creek about four miles west of the present town site in 1829 or 1830. There he opened a trading post and a way-station for travelers and stage coaches. He also opened a post office which he reportedly named after his home parish of Cole Camp in Kentucky.
The town site of Cole Camp was first settled in the 1830's, and history records that the first claim to build a house there was Dr. Hosea Powers.
The town has a strong German heritage that is still evident in the many German festivals and heritage events, and in the large number of the area residents that still speak the Low German brought over by their ancestors. It is a town that prides itself on its neatness and well-kept homes as well as the orderly life of the community.
With a population of around 1000, the town offers all the services and most of the necessary shopping facilities. A large number of civic organizations are active in programs to serve and enhance the city. Likewise it is a community of churches with most denominations represented. Cole Camp is locally known as the “Festival City” with many festivals and special events keeping the town a busy place.
It's idealistic location with the rolling prairies to the north and the hills and streams to the south offer beauty and variety. Hunting and fishing are popular sports and game and fish are ample.
Older homes and farmsteads dot the country side recalling years past. The rich soil of the prairie and creek bottoms provide for excellent farming with fields of tall corn, soy beans and wheat being common sights. The production of beef completes the agricultural picture of the area. It is a prosperous area for both farmers and businesses.
Being somewhat off the beaten path, the town and surrounding area have changed little over the years leaving it with its historic character and charm. Crime is rare and modern day, urban problems few. The schools are excellent and a source of community pride, both for their academics and routinely successful athletic teams.