Crawford County, county seat Girard, was created by act of the legislature of 1867, out of the northern half of
Cherokee. Prior to that year, Cherokee reached north to Bourbon. It was named in honor of Samuel J. Crawford, elected Governor in 1864, serving nearly four years. The Legislator named the county in obedience to a resolution passed at a convention held to petition for its organization. Governor Crawford resigned in October 1868 to become Colonel of the 19th Kansas Cavalry, specially raised for the Indian War of 1868-69. He served as Captain in the 2nd Kansas Infantry and was Colonel of the 2nd Kansas Regiment Colored Volunteer Infantry during the war for the Union.